Tolkien is one of the best known authors in the world today. He is best known for his books: The Fellowship of the Ring, The Two Towers, The Return of the King, and The Hobbit. John Ronald Reuel Tolkien was born January 3, 1892, in Bloemfontein, South Africa. He died at 81 on September 2, 1973. I have read The Hobbit, and have started on The Fellowship of the Ring. If you have seen the movie and have not read the book then I recommend it! Tolkien put every thing into these books, he drew very detailed maps of Middle Earth with towns, lakes, rivers, and mountains that never even come into these books. Nobody knows what his inspiration was, be it: WWI, WWII, the final battle of Angels, Devils, and Men, or his own imagination, they are truly some of the greatest fictional books today. He was a veteran of WWI, a friend of C.S. Lewis ( author of The Chronicles of Narnia), and a professor at Oxford.